Washington, January 25 (EFE).- Irregular arrivals of Cubans, Haitians and Nicaraguans to the United States fell by 97% in January compared to December, the period when the policy allowing the direct expulsion of Cuban nationals began. in Mexico. those three countries.
The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which is responsible for immigration policy, released this preliminary data for January this Wednesday, which only collects the number of migrants apprehended crossing the border, not those who manage to enter the United States without leaving. was discovered by the authorities.
In statements to the press, DHS officials explained that if the trend continues, January could be one of the lowest months for immigration apprehensions at the US-Mexico border since February 2021.
To calculate this 97% drop, the sources compared data from the week of December 11 last year, when 3,367 arrests were made each day, to another seven days in January that saw 115 arrests per day.
In early January, US President Joe Biden announced that his country intends to return Nicaraguan, Cuban and Haitian citizens to Mexico, expanding the use of the controversial rule called Title 42, inherited from former President Donald Trump (2017-2021). And it allows the deportation of migrants under the pretext of a pandemic.
At the same time, the Biden administration announced an expansion of a program that would allow up to 30,000 people from Venezuela, Cuba, Nicaragua and Haiti to enter the US each month, expanding a plan it launched in October to issue visas. Humanitarians to Venezuelans.
According to the above officials, about 1,700 people from Cuba, Nicaragua and Haiti have already benefited from the program, and thousands more have started the process.
However, to take advantage of it, migrants and refugees must meet a number of requirements, such as arriving by plane and having a sponsor in the United States who can prove that they can support them in adapting to the country.
The Biden administration already in October began using Title 42 for Venezuelans, whose arrivals have increased in recent months because the US and Venezuela do not officially have diplomatic relations, so Caracas has not accepted repatriation flights with migrants.
Rights groups have criticized Biden for implementing Title 42, arguing that it violates anyone’s right to seek asylum.
In addition, lawmakers from his own party, the Democrats, pressured him not to expand it to other nationals, such as Cubans, who have traditionally sought asylum in the US.
For its part, the Biden administration has defended itself by saying that it must continue to use the program under the orders of the US Supreme Court, which in December accepted a petition from twenty Republican-controlled states and ruled that Title 42 I should remain active. .
Since it took effect in 2020, Title 42 has allowed the detention of more than 2.5 million migrants, according to the International Rescue Committee.
Source: El Diario