If you want to give the Pope a stylish jacket or share an image of Donald Trump being arrested by the police, you need to make it clear that you did it using artificial intelligence systems. This is one of the measures that the European Parliament wants to include in the legislation promoted by the European Commission in April 2021. A few years ago, no one would have imagined that something like this would be regulated. When Brussels launched its legislative proposal, ChatGPT had not yet become popular, the program writing this news. The European parliamentarians introduced the so-called Generating systems in the elements to be regulated.
The creation of content (texts, videos, images…) through artificial intelligence must comply with a number of transparency obligations. It is mostly reported that they were created using this method. This is a way to prevent misinformation. Also, developers will have to develop a model to prevent illegal content from being generated. Copyright protection of used materials is also one of the objectives: a summary of the copyrighted data used should be published.
MEPs also want to impose restrictions on the use of artificial intelligence, for example in the workplace. If a company wants to use it to track its employees, they still need to be informed. “Before implementing or using a high-risk AI system in the workplace, implementers shall consult with workers’ representatives to reach an agreement and notify affected employees that they will be subject to the system.” Includes text in the approved market. and civil liberties commissions, which must now be finally approved by the plenary to begin negotiations with states and the commission.
Another concern of European lawmakers is the use of artificial intelligence to recognize emotions. “There are serious concerns about the scientific basis of artificial intelligence systems designed to detect emotions, physical or physiological characteristics such as facial expressions, movements, pulse rate or voice,” the text says, expanding the assumptions in which their use should be banned. . Failure to comply with the restrictions can result in companies being fined up to 7% of global turnover.
The position of the European Parliament also seeks to expand the cases where the identification of biometric identification systems in public spaces is prevented. The ban is virtually complete with MEPs unwilling to use it even for police or security purposes. The 27, which made their position known in December, supported allowing the use of these systems by “authorities responsible for law enforcement.” In the case of remote (or reverse) biometric identification, the intention is that it can only be used for the prosecution of crimes and always with the permission of the court.
MEPs also want to stop so-called “predictive justice or policing” in the bans by including systems that serve to assess the probable risk of a person or group of people to commit a crime or a crime. A person’s or personal characteristics or the criminal history of that person or group.
They also oppose some of the practices that companies are already developing, such as the use of systems to detect human emotions by police, border management, workplaces or educational institutions, as well as practices that serve to expand or create face databases. Indiscriminate capture of data via the Internet or audiovisual recordings and television.
The position of MEPs in the Commission advanced with a large majority this Thursday. Once the plenary gives its go-ahead, negotiations will begin with the European Commission and the Council of the European Union to have the legislation ready before next year’s European elections, which the European institutions insist will be its first. Welcome to the challenges of artificial intelligence in the world.
Source: El Diario