The only court in Spain to investigate torture under Franco’s regime is questioning whether to open the case because of prescription

Last September, Julio Pacheco and Rosa María García became the first victims of Franco’s revenge who were able to explain themselves in front of a judge. They appeared for an hour and a half to explain that Pacheco was arrested in 1975 and tortured at the hands of several policemen of the Political-Social Brigade in the Puerta del Sol basement. A few months later, the judge upheld the decision, which had not yet notified the accused agents, including Commissioner Jose Manuel Villarejo, of the complaint, and reflects a situation that usually occurs in this type of investigation: It asks the parties whether they should file a case under the statute. Limitations of facts.

The decision of the 50th Court of Madrid, which had access to, gave the parties, including the prosecutor’s office, ten days to submit a statement on a specific aspect: “the possible appointment of the accused crime”. That is, if the accusations named in the complaint against these police officers came too late and it will no longer be possible to investigate the alleged torture in 1975.

On September 15, Pacheco became the first victim of Franco’s revenge to be heard by the Spanish justice system. “The wall of silence and impunity is beginning to break,” he said after testifying before a judge to tell what happened in 1975. His partner, Rosa Maria Garcia, also testified as a witness. It was the second attempt since the declaration was abruptly suspended in July.

Pacheco was a member of the Spanish Democratic University Federation (FUDE), which joined the FRAP (Revolutionary Anti-Fascist and Patriotic Front) in the 1970s and ended up as its political leader in Madrid, where he was arrested in August 1975. For seven days, he was locked up in the General Security Directorate of Puerta del Sol, today the headquarters of the Presidency of the Community of Madrid, where he claims to have suffered torture, which he denounces at the hands of several policemen of the Political-Social Brigade. .

Arrested with him and other FRAP militants were his girlfriend at the time, now his wife, Rosa María García; He was 19 years old and she was 18 years old. He also filed a torture complaint against police officer Antonio Gonzalez Pacheco, nicknamed “Billy the Kid,” but dropped it soon after.

This is, in fact, the regime that these processes usually follow: either they are not allowed to be processed, or they are allowed but automatically archived, which created a context of impunity for Francoist crimes committed for 40 years and that no one has been prosecuted, despite calls from the United Nations. Until now, the only open criminal case in the world related to these events was the so-called Argentine complaint ordered by Judge Maria Servini.

Source: El Diario





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