Greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels continue to rise in 2023. Coal, oil and gas use released about 36.8 billion tons of CO2, according to preliminary data from the Carbon Budget Project Science Group. That’s 1.1% more than in 2022 and a “new record,” concluded the study, released midway through the Dubai Climate Summit.
The world is still waiting for the longed for Peak emissions. The maximum from which the curve should turn and start falling. As shown by Carbon Budget Calculations (which includes more than 90 prestigious institutions), countries’ use of coal, oil and gas continues to increase the amount of gases in the atmosphere. “Increase is expected for all types of fuel.
The figures come as COP28 in the United Arab Emirates discusses how to tackle – exactly – the fossil fuel phase-out. A climate summit attended by more representatives of oil and gas companies than ever before and chaired by the CEO of the Emirates Hydrocarbons Company, Sultan Al Jaber. Al Jaber had to respond to his own words, published by The Guardian, in which he questioned whether there was scientific evidence to support the need to move away from fossil fuels such as those that his company produces and sells.
If emissions from so-called land-use changes, such as deforestation, are added to the amount calculated by the carbon project, the volume rises to 40,000 million tons, implying a “2022-like level” and creating a kind of plateau over the past ten years “rather than a radical decline.” which is needed to achieve the Paris Agreement goal: to limit global warming to 2ºC and to do everything we can to keep it to 1.5ºC.
With this emission rate, calculate paperThe amount of CO2 that could be released into the atmosphere to have a 50% chance of limiting global warming to an additional 1.5ºC would be used up in just seven years.
according to fuel types
For coal – which is still responsible for 41% of fossil emissions – jobs are projected to grow by 1.1%, led by China and India. The US and EU are declining.
As for oil – which accounts for 32% of emissions – a further increase of 1.5% is forecast, repeating the pattern of growth and decline zones. As for gas, which accounts for 21% of emissions, the document shows a slight increase of 0.5% in the US, India and China, and a slight decrease in the EU.
One of the study’s authors, Professor Corinne Le Carré from the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia, explains that the data “suggests that the efforts made so far are not enough, although some policies are effective”. He then adds that “current levels of emissions are rapidly increasing the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, leading to more climate change and increasing its most serious impacts.”
China and India are increasing fossil fuel emissions in general, while the US (-3%) and the EU (-7%) are reducing this year. “In 2023, India will have more emissions from fossil fuels than the European Union,” detailed the Carbon Budget.
Airplanes continue to climb to recover ground lost due to the Covid-19 pandemic, and the amount of greenhouse gases they emit will increase by 28% compared to 2022.
“Among the most important points is insufficient action and global slowness to reduce fossil fuel use,” according to the analysis by Anna Hernandez, a sustainability consultant at the Climate Research Foundation. “This is disappointing news, but there is faith that climate policy can be effective,” he concluded in a statement from the Science Media Center.
The study includes a specific overview of international aviation and shipping, which accounts for nearly 3% of global CO2 emissions. Airplanes continue to climb to recover ground lost due to the Covid-19 pandemic, and the amount of greenhouse gases they emit will increase by 28% compared to 2022. Emissions between the two sectors increase by 11.9%.
Source: El Diario