A sudden change of judge spoiled the first statement of a person tortured under Francoism: “This is a huge cruelty.”

It was the first time a judge had heard a retribution from the Franco regime, but this Friday, frustration was once again spreading among the victims of the dictatorship. Neither Julio Pacheco, as a plaintiff, nor Rosa María García, as a witness, ultimately testified at Madrid’s No. 50 Investigative Court, even though they were summoned after Judge Ana María Iguazúl admitted to hearing the complaint that Julio included torture in the context. About crimes committed against humanity. As the lawyer Jacinto Lara explained while leaving the courts, because of the “busy” case, a new “reinforcement” judge was “appointed” and he “informed us that he wants to reconsider it”.

The lawyer of Argentina’s State Coordinator of Complaint Support (CEAQUA) does not hide his surprise and regrets that justice took Julio da Rosa to court. “It seems that they started to notify us the day before, but it did not reach us,” he said. What the magistrate explained to them, according to Lara, “is that the case has many boundaries from a strictly legal point of view and needs to be reviewed.”

This sounds very bad to us, this is music we already know and is related to the direct application of the policy of impunity that the Spanish state maintains regarding the crimes of Francoism.

Jacinto Lara
Plaintiff’s attorney

The lawyer considers what happened to be “neglect towards the complainant of crimes against humanity” and although we have to wait for the judge’s decision, the lawyer doubts: “It sounds very bad to us. Music that we already know and is related to the direct application of the policy of impunity maintained by the Spanish state in relation to the crimes of Francoism.”

Starting at 8:45 am, dozens of memorial activists, activists and petitioners with human rights organizations gathered at the gates of the courts in support of Julio and Rosa, who arrived at that time. A can of cold water arrived an hour later when Jacinto left with Lara. “There is no memory without truth,” cried the activists who tied up the complainant and the witness. “I’m very disappointed, it’s a shame,” admits Julio. For Rosa, what happened is “enormous cruelty” and “revictimization.”

The path followed by Giulio’s lawsuit, in which he accuses four members of the socio-political brigade of torture, has already become a milestone: first, the magistrate called the complainant to testify and ordered another trial. And this is that never in Spain has a victim of Francoism sat in a Spanish court to denounce the harassment and punishments that the repressive apparatus subjected thousands and thousands of people to. The only open cause is being investigated ten thousand kilometers away in Argentina. Complaints are systematically written here.

Julio’s complaint is against retired commissioner José Manuel Villarejo and three other police officers, Alvaro Valdemoro, José Luis Montero Muñoz and José María González Reglero, all former members of Franco’s Social Political Brigade. A militant of the Federation of Democratic Universities of Spain (FUDE) who joined the FRAP (Anti-Fascist and Patriotic Revolutionary Front) in the 1970s, he was arrested in Madrid in August 1975. For seven days he was locked up in the General Directorate. Door Security del Sol, today the seat of the Presidency of the Community of Madrid, where he was tortured.

Along with him and other FRAP militants, Rosa Maria Garcia, who was his girlfriend at the time and now his wife, was arrested; He was 19 years old and she was 18 years old.

At the time of his arrest, Julio was accused of being the leader of the commando that killed Civil Guard Lieutenant Antonio Posa. “I didn’t sign it because it was a lie,” he says. After the hell of the General Directorate of Security, he was transferred to the prison of Karabankel, and Rosa to the prison of Yeseria, for women. They were released on provisional bail on December 3 as soon as Franco died, and they moved to Valencia for several years in fear of what might happen. In time, they learned that they were finally convicted of illegal propaganda and association.

Source: El Diario





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