Associations that work with people from the LGTBI collective have been conducting assessments for years about insufficient coverage of situations of harassment, discrimination or violence based on sexual orientation or gender identity. This Wednesday, the state Federation of Lesbian, Gay, Trans, Bisexual, Intersex and Others released a study prepared by consulting firm 40db that lays out those calculations. In Spain, only 2 out of every 10 acts of hate are recorded, according to the calculations made so far.
account state of hatredPresented on the occasion of the International Day Against LGBTIphobia, it provides data that allows us to put this invisible violence into context. 29% of respondents, from a sample of 800 people, confirm that they have been abused in the last five years; 27.5% indicated that they were victims of discrimination; and 8.6% who experienced some form of physical or sexual violence. According to the CIS, between 7% and 8% of the population are homosexual, bisexual, transsexual or intersex, which translates into rough figures, meaning that approximately one million people in Spain have experienced harassment and discrimination, and that at least 283,000 There was an attack. .
The study also addresses other issues that may be linked to the 80% of hate crimes that are said to be experienced but not reported. For example, the majority of people, 70.3%, avoid answering why they do not inform the state security forces and authorities. The next percentage is 8.10% who confirm that “they didn’t think it would be of any use”. 8% did not attach importance to it; 6.9% did not do it because they did not have proof; 5.9% did not think; and 5.4% thought that they would not believe them; The same percentage who did not do it because of shame.
There is no trust in the security forces
But there is another fact that attracts attention. 70% of respondents believe that state security forces and authorities are less (43.4%) or not at all (26.3%) committed to the LGBTI community. Only 4.5% believe that they are very loyal, while 19.9% confirm that they are quite loyal.
“I call on the Ministry of Internal Affairs to sit down with the group because we welcome the victims into our space and take them to the police station,” said Federation President Uge Sangil. In fact, the number of people who say they have experienced hate speech and go to the unit is higher than those who report it to the police. 23.7% reported this on one of these resources. “The remedy should be education, training and prevention with state security forces and agencies, and police schools should not treat this issue like Maria,” Sangil demands.
When it comes to perceptions of the evolution of discrimination, violence and hate speech, which the survey also calls for, there are slight differences. 27.1% believe that discrimination has worsened in recent years, compared to 34.7% who state that the situation has improved. In the case of violence, 33.1% confirm that it has worsened, and 27.7% has decreased. These figures are practically similar to the response to hate speech: 32.7% and 27.7%, respectively. Some data that reveals what seemed obvious: “Hate speech leads to a significant increase in hate crimes,” says FELTBI+ member Laura Gonzalez.
“In 2018, with the breakthrough of Vox and the radicalization of PP with its complicity with the extreme right, this hate speech against us, our right to be instrumentalized and the demand for self-determination to say who we are, has been created. used as trading Hatred with impunity in our institutions, Congress and Senate,” lamented Sangil. “Since then, hate speech has been radicalized and attacks on the group have increased, as evidenced by a recent report from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which reported a 70% increase,” he noted.
The poorest suffer more hatred
According to FELGTB’s 40db data, hate has an age factor, but so does income. In the case of discrimination, the relationship is inversely proportional to income. 35.1% have an income of less than 1000 euros; 30.8% from 1001 to 2000 euros; 24.3% on the next tranche, up to 3000 euros; and 18.7% with income up to 4000 euros; Those who pay more than this amount are not spared, although only 13.4% say they experience discrimination. As for narrowing, the percentage is the same in the first two intervals, below 2000 euros (about 32.5%), while the ladder remains above.
As for age, 71.1% of people under the age of 35 claim to have experienced some kind of harassment; 68.2%, discrimination; and 20.5% physical or sexual violence. “It’s interesting and consistent with what we already knew, that young people are more exposed to violence and are more at risk,” explained FELGTBI+ President Ignacio Paredero. 60% of the population who have experienced assaults have done so in recreational areas such as cafeterias, bars or nightclubs, but most of these events continue on the street, where 78.5% of people say they have experienced harassment and harassment. 69% of victims of discrimination and abuse.
There is a disturbing situation in schools, where 62.2% of the victims claim to have experienced attacks; discrimination 55.5%; and harassment 60.3%. “There is no education in diversity,” noted Sangil, who is committed to “inclusive training and education for the differences that exist in human beings.”
Source: El Diario